Ghana - Accra
The Urban Pathways Implementation Tracker is tracking the Projects Progress
Upon ratification in September 1995, Ghana became a party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and has since been committed to undertaking environmental initiatives aimed at reducing greenhouse gases and mitigating climate change effects. As part of its Intended Nationally Determined (IND) contributions, Ghana committed to unconditionally reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 15% compared to the Business-As-usual (BAU) scenario emission of 73.95MtCO2e by 2030. The country targeted the reduction of emissions from the following sectors: energy, Transport, Waste, Industry and Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sectors. As a policy action to reduce emissions from the transport sector, Ghana is committed to promoting sustainable mass transportation through the development of Bus Rapid Transit in 4 major cities. This action is expected to contribute to an abatement potential of 1.63 MtCO2e by 2040 considering the mitigation measures proposed by the country (Government of Ghana, 2015).
One of the core objectives is the development and implementation of projects that help decarbonising urban energy, mobility and resource sectors. The projects concepts that are considered to be viable will be later developed into bankable projects for which funding will be sought.
E-Mobility options in Accra
It is estimated that Accra alone hosts about 50% of the total registered vehicles nationwide numbering about 1,134,599 vehicles by 2017 (EPA, 2017). In Accra, most trips are made by private cars, taxis, mini-buses (called trotro) and buses; the latter three constituting the core of public transport services in the city. In recent times, there is an increase in the use of motorcycles and bicycles as a means of transporting goods and people. The use of motorcycles popularly called “Okada” constituted 8% of all modes of public transportation as at the year 2015 and has gained popularity though it is considered illegal (Graphiconline, 2018).