Malaysia - Melaka
The Urban Pathways Implementation Tracker is tracking the Projects Progress
Malaysia´s Nationally Determined Contribution:
Malaysia is the third largest economy in South-East Asia after Indonesia and Thailand. Over 75% of Malaysia’s 31 million inhabitants live in cities. The urban density of Malaysia is 91 inhabitants per sq. km., ranking it 116th in the world in terms of population density. Kuala Lumpur, the capital city, is the most populated city with over 1.7 million inhabitants, and the metro region consists of over 7 million inhabitants. The cities following Kuala Lumpur in terms of inhabitants is George Town, the capital of Penang State, with over 700,000 inhabitants and Ipoh, the capital of Perak State, with just over 650,000 inhabitants. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) the Gross Domestic Product (Purchasing Power Parity) of Malaysia is around US$1 trillion (International Monetary Fund, 2018). Malaysia is also classified as a middle-income country by the World Bank. Malaysia’s economic advent in the 1970’s was based on mining and agriculture and changed to include other sectors. Malaysia still is one of the largest exporters of palm oil, tin, and rubber. In 2013, according to an International Energy Agency’s (IEA) report, Malaysia had 207.25 Mt of CO2 emissions, which translates to about 7 tonnes of CO2/capita for that year. The CO2 emissions in Malaysia are in an increasing trend since 2005 (154.6 Mt of CO2 emissions or 6.8 metric tons per capita) (International Energy Agency, 2018; World Bank, 2018).