Steps to Actions
Brazil - Belo Horizonte
Belo Horizonte has a series of plans (Master Plan, PlanMob-BH, Belo Horizonte – a Smart City, etc.) and policies in place that are reviewed and monitored on a regular basis to help guide the urban development of the city. Belo Horizonte has already made important progress towards sustainability and in the medium and long run Belo Horizonte envisions becoming an example of smart and sustainable urban development for Brazil and Latin America.
With this in mind, and because of the favourable technological environment of Belo Horizonte, in 2018 themunicipality of Belo Horizonte conceived a new plan, the plan “Belo Horizonte, a smart city”. This plan involves the sustainable use of the city’s resources, such as water and energy, waste management, traffic im-provements, integration between public systems and efficient citizen services through the use of technology, innovation and information systems.
With regard to mobility, Belo Horizonte has an innovative Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan, called PlanMob-BH, with comprehensive measures including TOD, BRT and Bike solutions since 2013. By 2030, the plan expects that the measures implemented contribute to reductions of 36% in GHG emissions, 25% in travel time and 19% in transport costs. A process of review and adjust-ment of the plan started in 2016 and was approved in 2017. The plan contains 8 intervention areas, one of which is active mobility composed by the programmes Pedala BH and BH a pé also mentioned in the Smart City plan. The main purpose of these measures is to increasethe modal share of bicycle from 0.4% to 6% by 2020 and to improve the publicspace to create walkability.
In this context, Belo Horizonte established a partnership with the city of Bremen, Germany, which will help BH implement a Zone 30 and a bicycle street (Fahrradstrasse). The Zone 30 pilot-project foresees a wide deployment of vertical and horizontal signaling, reallocation and repositioning of parking spaces to provide the reduction of the speed, and, enlargement of sidewalks with the creation of small areas of coexistence for pedestrians with the insertion of urban furniture. Beyond the immediate mobility related issues, Belo Horizonte also recognises these measures as an opportunity to revitalise the downtown area and enhance the quality of life by creating pedestrianised streets and giving the space back to people from cars.
Steps to Actions
Bhutan - Thimphu
Waste management is an important issue in Bhutan, mainly in urban areas (from house- hold, commercial and industry) due to increasing quantity of waste and its related emissions. The main challenges in waste management in urban areas in Bhutan (including Thimphu) are illegal dumping of waste (although waste collection services are available) and lack of cooperation in segregation and disposal of waste. Bhutan intends to minimise GHG emission on waste through application of zero waste concept and sustainable waste management practices. It includes en- hancing 3R principles of waste management including conversion of waste into resources, and improving the current system and infrastructure for waste management.
The capital city, Thimphu, has piloted evening waste collection services and CCTV surveil- lance to monitor illegal dumping. The availability of not enough waste compost plants and landfill sites are also an issue in Thimphu. To tackle this, the city is planning to explore technology either to make composting faster or to establish a bio-gas plant (which requires waste segregation at the source). Greener Way and Clean City are private companies (outsourced by Thimphu municipality) to manage waste in Thim- phu. In order to improve Bhutan’s solid waste management system, a holistic approach of Integrated Solid waste management in the cities is required and is proposed in this paper.